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All about the Oil Mining Process.

When mining oil, we first get raw form of the energy source that has to be refined into many compounds that each find some application in life today. Over millions of years, dead organisms sink deep into the earth and decompose forming the oil. When the plates deep into the earth starts experiencing some movements and shifting the gas and oil do that as well, it gets trapped in what is referred as reservoir rocks.

Oil drilling companies are very important as without them we would not be where we are today . They are responsible for the exploration and also the extracting of this precious resource from the earth. Exploration is conducted by geologists who are tasked with finding the crude oil and pinpointing the exact location where the extraction will be effected. The geologist will look for areas that will present good conditions that can trap oil. The gravitational change in the earth’s crust will change from time to time and that needs to be observed by the geologists as it could indicate the direction in which the oil flows. 3D and 4D seismic imaging can also be used in the locating of oil that is trapped in the earth’s reservoir rocks. This kind of imaging works by sending some shocks deep into the crust of the earth.

Reflections of the waves are sent back to the surface of the earth and then they are analyzed. The moment oil exploration reveals that there are good deposits of oil that can be extracted then the area is marked, if under water buoys are used and if on land they mark the coordinates. When an area has been identified , extraction does not begin right away. The geologists will conduct and present reports of environment impact and they will mark the perimeter of the area as well. The oil company will not proceed to ,mine without the necessary mining rights and certifications from the authorities in charge. If the company has been awarded the rights, it will start by clearing trees and any obstruction of movement to the area. The company then proceeds to build access roads for ease of moving machinery.

Water is needed for the drilling process, is there is no water on site then the company has to drill a borehole. The company will dig pits for the dumping of rocks and mud that comes out from the drilling process. Drilling can begin as soon as a pit is made around the main drilling hole to enable access to the area.

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